Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy
The body undergoes turbulent transformations during pregnancy. These transformations cause you to be vulnerable to afflictions such as hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are varicose veins in the rectal area. Everyone in perfectly good health has hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids only become pathological, when they are swollen or inflamed.
We habitually refer to pathological hemorrhoids simply as hemorrhoids.
There are two types of hemorrhoids (piles): internal and external haemorrhoids (British spelling).
Internal hemroids (frequent misspelling) are distinguished from external hemroids by the point from which they develop. Internal hemriods develop above the dentate line while external hemroids develop below the dentate (pectinate) line.
It is possible to be simultaneously afflicted by internal and external hemroids. In fact, this condition is rather common.
Internal hemroids are painless. In the grade 1 stage, the only visible symptom is bright red blood on your stool, tissue paper and toilet bowl.
External hemroids are characterized by itching, irritation and pain. Thrombosed external hemroids can be very painful.
How Pregnancy Makes You Vulnerable to Hemorrhoids
Keep in mind that increase in intra-abdominal and bowel pressure is the most prominent cause of hemorrhoids.
Any condition which alters your bowel pressure is a potential cause of hemorrhoids.
Haemorrhoids are most frequent during the third pregnancy trimester. The hormone estrogen (aestrogen) is at its peak during this period. Throughout pregnancy, the development of the fetus is guided by powerful hormones.
These hormones provoke fundamental changes in your body.
For example, the hormone estrogen weakens your venal walls, causing them to dilate.
When the venal walls are weakened, they become more susceptible to swellings and inflammation upon the any additional pressure.
In addition, the pregnancy hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) weakens your immune system in order to prevent your body from rejecting the fetus. The job of the immune system is to fight off any invasion by a foreign body.
In the absence of human chorionic gonadotropin, your immune system is likely to interpret the fetus as a threat and fight against it.
Unfortunately, one of the side-effects of a weakened immune system is increased vulnerability to conditions such as piles.
As the fetus develops and grows in size, it exerts ever increasing weight on the bowels. High bowel pressure causes piles.